Who Was Alexander Hamilton? – Check Complete Profile

Who Was Alexander Hamilton: Alexander Hamilton was one of the founding fathers of the United States of America and American statesman. Hamilton was a strong interpreter and promoter of the U.S. Constitution. He was the founder of the nation’s financial system, the Federalist Party, the United States Coast Guard and The New York Post newspaper. He was the main author of the economic policies of the George Washington administration.

Who Was Alexander Hamilton
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Alexander Hamilton Family Bio

Alexander Hamilton was born on January 11, 1755 or 1757 in Charles town, Nevis, West Indies. He was born to James Hamilton and St. Christopher and Rachel Fawcett. His father is a Scottish merchant and his mother was born half-British and half-French Huguenot. Hamilton has an elder brother named James Hamilton and he had a half brother named Peter.

Alexander Hamilton Education Details

Alexander Hamilton was an intelligent smart guy. He attended grammar school in Elizabethtown. He attended grammar school in New Jersey from 1772-1773. After his schooling he joined at King’s College, New York late in 1773 or early in 1774 and matriculated in May 1774. Hamilton discontinued his studies before graduation because his college closed its doors during British Occupation of the city.

Hamilton Personal Life

Hamilton married Elizabeth Schuyler on December 14, 1780. She was the daughter of Philip Schuyler who is a Revolutionary War General. They both had a close relationship and they gave birth to 8 children named Philip, Angelica, Alexander, James, John, William, Eliza and Philip. N year 1791 Hamilton met Maria Reynolds and they began an illegal affair till June 1792. In June 27, 1804 Hamilton was challenged in a duel by Aaron Burr, the duel began at dawn on July 11, 1804 on the bank of Hudson River in New Jersey. Hamilton’s affair with Maria Reynolds, which came to light in 1797, makes him the first American politician to become involved in a sex scandal.

Revolutionary War Activities

In 1775, Hamilton joined the local militia to help them to fight in the Revolutionary War. Like him many students from King’s College also joined the militia. The study of military tactics led Hamilton to the rank of Lieutenant. His friendship with John Jay and his continuous efforts led him to raise a company of men and become their captain. Hamilton was soon appointed to George Washington’s staff. He worked as Washington’s untitled Chief of Staff for four years. He was a trusted officer and enjoyed a great deal of respect and confidence from Washington. Hamilton made many connections and was instrumental in the war effort.

Military Career

In 1775, Alexander Hamilton along with fellow students, formed a volunteer militia company called the Corsicans, renamed later as Hearts of Oak. Before classes they would practice drills in the graveyard of St. Paul’s Chapel. Hamilton, always an avid reader, also studied military history and tactics. In August 1775, Hamilton’s militia company took part in its first expedition, when it successfully raided the British canons in the Battery, the southern tip of Manhattan Island in New York City After this, the volunteer company was made an artillery company.

In 1776, Hamilton was commissioned as Captain and instructed to raise the New York Provincial Company of Artillery to protect Manhattan Island. He quickly raised a troop of 60 men and began to take part in different campaigns around the city. On 27 August 1776, when the Battle of Long Island broke out and then Hamilton’s troops fought side by side with Washington’s Army. Later they took part in the Battle of the White Plain (October 28, 1776), the Battle of Trenton (December 26, 1776) and Battle of Princeton (January 3, 1777).

In March 1777, Hamilton was made a lieutenant colonel in the Continental Army and appointed aides-de-camp to General Washington. He spent four years, drafting Washington’s letters, composing reports on reforms, restructuring the Continental Army and also undertook various intelligence as well as diplomatic duties. Eager to return to the battlefield, he was assigned to a New York light infantry battalion as its Commander on July 31, 1781. In October, he led a victorious charge in the Battle of Yorktown, which effectively finished off the War of Independence.

Must Read: Complete Biography of Alexander Hamilton

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